The political map of Oman shows the international boundaries, provincial boundaries, the national capital along with the provincial capitals.

Geography of Oman

Oman, formally known as the ‘Sultanate of Oman’, is a nation on the southeastern coastline of the Arabian Peninsula within Western Asia. The country borders the Gulf of Oman, the Persian Gulf, and the Arabian Sea; as well as shares land boundaries with Yemen, Saudi Arabia, and the UAE (United Arab Emirates). The total area of Oman is 309,500 Sq Km; out of which 82% is desert and15% is mountainous. The climate in Oman is usually hot and dry in the inner desert area and humid and hot in the coastline and modest in winters. You would also experience a sturdy south-west midsummer monsoon, popularly known as Kharif between May to September in the southern part of Dhofar.

Demography of Oman – What is the population of Oman?

The total population of Oman, as per the UN data is 5,142,196 as of Oct 2020 which is equal to 0.07% of the overall population of the world. Oman’s population density is 16/Sqkm on the total landmass of 309,500SqKm and around 87.0% of the entire Omani population is urban. Life expectancy at birth is 78.58 years for both males and females and the infant mortality rate is 6.1 deaths/1000 births and the death rate under age 5 is 7.1 deaths/1000 births.

Culture of Oman

Omani culture is deeply immersed in the Islam religion; the country has created its specific Islam subsect, called ‘Ibadhism’; however, the other Islamic subsects such as Shi’a and Sunni are also practiced in the country. Even though Oman is dominated by Ibadi, Sunni, and Arab religions, the culture is tolerant of other cultural groups too. The main language of Oman is Arabic; yet any sectarian, ethnic, cultural, linguistic, or religious conflict hardly occurs in the country. The modern urban charm of the Omani culture has significant ties and affiliation to the Indian Mughal architectural forms. By nature, Omanis are extremely friendly and polite people. Almost every person in Oman is Muslim, equally divided between Ibadis and Sunnis with an insignificant percent of Shia; and a few Hindus of Indian origin can also be found here but Jews or Christians can rarely be found in Oman.

Top places to visit in Oman


Muscat is the capital city of Oman that has served as an important connection between the west and the east. The city is still the chief stopover for trading vessels and cruises. Muscat has preserved its old fascination all the more with its newer structures having Arabian specifics.


The home of Oman’s Sultan, Salalah is an amazing city, rich in history, culture, and mesmerizing beaches. Popular for its unique weather and Arabian Peninsula, Salalah is covered with lush highlands and greenery. Its beautiful seashores offer many diving and snorkeling opportunities to the locals and the tourists. Situated on the seashore, Salalah is also popular for offering savory and delicious seafood cuisine…


Nizwa, the historic city is situated among the most grandiose and the highest mountains of Oman. Popularly called the ‘The Islam’s Pearl’, the conventional yet broad-natured city is the second-biggest and prominent tourist spot across Oman. The ancient Nizwa was the trading hub as well as the center of religion, education, and art in earlier days. Covered by the banana plants and date palms, Nizwa is significant not only from a historical viewpoint but also from an agricultural perspective. The Souq, the Nizwa Fort, Jebel Akhdar, and others are the main places of attraction in Nizwa.

What is the best ideal time to visit Oman?

The most ideal time to visit Oman is between October through April as the temperatures get warm, anything between 17°C-35°C; you can even see turtles at Ras al Jinz. You must avoid visiting the place from June till August to escape the scorching heat.