The political map of Nicaragua shows the international boundaries, provincial boundaries, the national capital along with the states’ capitals.
The name Nicaragua is extracted from the main tribe group ‘Nicarao’ that inhabited Lake Nicaragua of the present day, nearly late fifteenth and sixteenth centuries. The uniqueness of the country is that it was the only nation across Latin America to be colonized by both the British and the Spanish. Nicaragua is situated in an extremely tectonically dynamic zone and thus it is hugely vulnerable to earthquakes and volcanic eruptions. A spike of volcanoes expands along with the country many of those are active with some having been exploded in the twenty-first century. Apart from the threats of volcanoes, Nicaragua is highly concerned with the tropical storms and hurricanes that are gradually causing the country’s destruction. The country has an overall area of 130,370SqKm, out of which a mere 119,990SqKm is landmass for inhabitation purposes. The physical topography of Nicaragua can be divided into 3 main zones – the Pacific lowlands, the Caribbean lowlands, and the cooler & wetter central highlands. To its Northwest, Nicaragua is bordered by Honduras; to the South, by Costa Rica; to the southwest by the Pacific Ocean and to the East, by the Caribbean.
Demography of Nicaragua
The total population of Nicaragua as per the UN data is 6,643,851 as of Sept 2020 which is equal to 0.08% of the overall population of the world. Nicaragua’s population density is 55/SqKm on the total landmass of 119,990SqKm and around 57.2% of the country’s population is urban. Life expectancy at birth is 75.23 years for both males and females and the infant mortality rate is 14 and the death rate under age 5 is 17 deaths per 1000 births.
Culture of Nicaragua
Nicaragua’s culture is slightly different in varied regions because of the varied effects that were exercised on the various parts of the nation. Notably, a majority of Nicaragua, the people show strong Spanish as well as English influence due to their colonization. Religion in the country is mainly Christian, forming a major part of the country’s culture and its composition; yet the Nicaraguan government promotes religious tolerance and religious freedom within the country. Spanish is the official language of the nation; however, the inhabitants on the Caribbean coastline speak English and indigenous languages. People are fun-loving and indulge in celebrations on occasions; music, food, plays, traditional dances, and ceremonies are an important part of their celebrations.
Best places to visit in Nicaragua
Somoto Canyon National Monument
It is a canyon situated in Nicaragua’s Madriz Department. The gorgeous river valley, cutting deep across the ancient rocks for creating the ‘Cañón de Somoto’ in the northern part of Nicaragua offers tourists one of the most adventurous and exciting experiences within its natural and beautiful surroundings.
It is a caldera situated in the Masaya region of Nicaragua, approx. 20Km south of Managua, the capital city. It is the first and the biggest park in Nicaragua and is one of the 78 protected national parks within the country. This intricate volcano is made up of a nested group of craters and calderas, the biggest of which is ‘Las Sierras’ shield caldera and volcano.
The capital city Managua is situated on the south coastline of Managua Lake. The National Fortress of Culture of 1935 houses the National Museum of Managua. Hilltop named ‘Parque Histórico Nacional Loma de Tiscapa’ is highly famous for its crater lake and the gigantic statue of ground-breaking Augusto Sandino.
Best time to visit Nicaragua
The dry season in Nicaragua starts in November, making it the best time to visit as the temperature becomes dry, sunny, and mild. This time is the most suitable for exploring the beaches, volcanoes, colonial cities, and the natural reserves of the country.