The political map of Nepal shows the international boundaries, provincial zones boundaries, the national capital along with the provincial zones’ capitals.
Geography of Nepal
Nepal measures around 547 miles (880Km) along the Himalayan axis and has a land area of 147,181SqKm. Nepal is surrounded by India on the 3 sides (the east, south, and west) and China’s Tibetan Region towards the North; while Bangladesh is situated within only 17 miles of its southeastern slope. The country is topographically separated into 3 regions – the Himalayas towards the north; the Terai towards the south and the middle hills comprising of the Churia Hills and the Mahabharat range. The Himalaya range and its bottoms form the northern border of Nepal and denote 16% of the total land.
Demography of Nepal
The total population of Nepal as per the UN data is 29,262,685 as of Sept 2020, which is equal to 0.37% of the overall population of the world. Nepal’s density of population is 203/SqKm on the overall landmass 143,350SqKm and approx. 21.4% of Nepal’s population is urban. The life expectancy of Nepal is 71.74 years for both females and males. The infant mortality rate is 23.4deaths/1000 lives and the death rate under age 5 is 27.7/1000 births.
Culture of Nepal
Nepal’s culture includes different cultures belonging to 125 different tribal groups available in Nepal. The country’s culture is demonstrated through dance and music; craft and art; literature and languages; folklore; religion and philosophy; celebration and festivals; drinks and foods. Nepal was pronounced a secular nation on 18th May 2006, by the Parliament. As per the census 2011, around 81.3% of the population of Nepal is Hindu; 9.3% (Buddhist); 4.2% (Muslim); 3.0% (Kiratist, native ethnic); 1.4% (Christian); 0.1% (Sikhs); 0.1% (Jains); 0.7% follow different religions. The killing of cows is prohibited in the country as the animal is regarded as the Universal Mother, representing charity, pity and motherhood. Earlier known as Khas-Kura, Nepali is the official language of the country. As per the census (2011), around 44.6% of the Nepalese speak Nepali and 11.67% of the population speaks Maithili, the 2nd most popular spoken language; a majority of the people can also understand and speak (not smoothly though) Hindi.
Top places to visit in Nepal
Kathmandu is the capital and the largest city of Nepal and the most beautiful city across Nepal; in fact across the world. The city is located in a valley enclosed by the mountains of the Himalayas. The majority of the historic locations of the city had been destroyed or damaged by a devastating earthquake in 2015, yet the main spots such as Hanuman Dhoka, Durbar Square’s palace, and the Kasthamandap have been reconstructed.
Bhaktapur, the 3rd of the ‘Regal Cities’, is located on the ancient trade road to Tibet, just exterior to Kathmandu. The trade road was both the main source and the arterial link for Bhaktapur. Bhaktapur’s comparative aloofness permitted the city to grow autonomously and in manners that separate it from the other 2 regal cities, Kathmandu and Patana. The entire Bhaktapur area is the World Heritage Site declared by UNESCO.
Boudhanath Stupa (Bodhnath)
Situated right outside of Kathmandu, the Boudhanath Stupa is one of the biggest stupas of its kind across the world and dates back to nearly the 6th century or maybe even earlier. Boudhanath Stupa, like Bhaktapur, is situated on the ancient trade road to Tibet; it is also the World Heritage Site declared by UNESCO. There are different shapes on the Stupa, representing the major 5 elements as well as the 5attributes of Buddhas, i.e. water, earth, air, sphere, and fire.
Best time to visit Nepal
The most ideal time to visit Nepal is between October through December as the skies get clearer and spectacular; while the climate remains dry till April.
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