Estonia Map – Political shows the international boundaries, provincial/state boundaries with names, national capital, states’ capitals and major cities of the country.
Estonia is a leveled country covering 45,227 Sqkm with a shallow and 3,794 km long coastline alongside the Baltic Sea consisting of 2222 islands sprinkling the shore. The 2 biggest islands are Saaremaa at 2,673 Sqkm and Hiiumaa at 989 Sqkm. The nation is surrounded by the Baltic Sea (West and North) with Lake Peipsi that forms a border with Russia towards East. The majority of the country is at or near the sea level and the lowest areas of Estonia, i.e. the Northern coast; Western Estonia and Lake Peipsi are primarily involved in fishing and maritime trade.
The current population of Estonia is 1,326,641 as per UN data as on Aug 2020 with life expectancy at being 79.2 years for both sexes. The infant mortality rate is 1.7 deaths/1000 births; while deaths under age 5 is 2.3/1000 births. As per the 2000 census, a total of 109 languages were spoken in the country as mother tongues; Estonian (67.3%); Russian (29.7%) and the remaining people speak 107 other languages such as Belarussian, Ukrainian, Latvian, Lithuanian and Finnish.
Estonian culture is comprised of an indigenous inheritance, signified by the nation’s Finnic nationwide language Estonian, with German and Nordic cultural elements. The culture is largely influenced by Germanic and the Estonians have powerful associations with the local culture connected mainly to various dialects, strengthened by differences in dress and customs. In spite affection towards their local tradition, people in Estonia share a mutual culture.
As per the 2015 census, around 57.0% of the Estonian practice Christianity i.e. separated between Eastern Orthodox (27.6%); and Lutheran (26.0%); nearly 3.3% belonged to minor Christian denominations and 38.9% did not follow any religion. Even though Estonian culture believes in economic self-sufficiency, but it is not feasible as the nation’s amalgamated into the international economy. Agriculture and local production is enhanced by imports, mainly from the EU (European Union).
Places to visit
Tallinn, the capital city is the most famous place across Estonia as it is the central place of medieval construction. Toompea, the heart of Tallinn preserves the historic environment, mainly because of the Cobblestone streets and the 15th-century constructions. The area is all the more amazing because you can explore it on foot.
Lahemaa National Park
This is a very popular park and just an hour’s drive from Tallinn, the capital city. If you happen to visit Lahemm, you must certainly see Viru Bog and Viru Raba that carry ethereal beauty. In the center of the Lahemaa National Park is the Sagadi Village, a captivating location where you can explore Sagadi Mansion and know more about the history and culture of the area.
Saaremaa is the biggest island in Estonia, situated in the Baltic Sea. As per certain archaeological findings, Saaremaa has been occupied from minimum 5000 BCE; even today, the island has a distinct group of medieval-days churches in Karja, Kaarma, Muhu, Valjala, Omaha, Pride, Kihelkonna churches. You would love to spend your time in Kuressaare, the capital city of Saaremaa if you love exploring the medieval world.
The best time to visit Estonia is in between May to August as the climate becomes warmer and the Inland lakes and Baltic beaches become all the more mesmerizing under the shining sun.